The dirt is my weed killer

Corn & GrassI use the dirt itself to kill weeds. Look at the picture on the left and you will see a row of sweet corn with small grass growing in among the corn plants. I have run the tiller between the rows and loosened the soil and chopped up the weeds and grass growing there. So I go down the rows with a hoe and pull the dirt in around the corn plants to cover the small weeds growing there. It works pretty well. The broadleaf weeds and grass have to be fairly small and the corn has to be a few inches high. But you can hill the soil up around the corn. it likes the whole process.

I started doing this a long time ago after driving a cultivating field corn with a tractor. At the time I think I did 6 rows at a time. You go rather slowly with a cultivator behind the tractor that is a series of small shovels. They are spaced on a bar to work the soil between the rows right up to the plants. They also move the soil into and around the corn plants as you go along on the tractor. You adjust your speed and depth of the cultivator to make sure you do not bury the corn. Also you have to pay close attention to make sure the cultivator does not just dig out the corn as you go along so it is an arduous job to do all day long. Farmers don’t do any cultivating now. At least the ones around here don’t. They rely entirely on chemicals to kill weeds. But, that is a whole other story and I do not want to get started on that.

This method of cultivation will work with green beans, okra, onions, or anything big enough to have some dirt piled up around it. It does not work well for young carrots because they are too small. I usually crawl along on the ground and pick the weeds out of those.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Caring for Herbs

In general most herbs are relatively easy to grow and do not require much care. However that being said the degree of care is dependant upon several factors such as the environment, the herb itself, or type of garden (formal, informal, container, bed, indoor, or mixed use)

Soil Preparation and Planting

HerbsCheck the preferred soil conditions of your chosen herbs before planting. Many herbs thrive in well-drained, low nutrient soil. If your soil is heavy or clay, incorporate a low-fertility soil improver to improve drainage. Another alternative is to construct raised beds. A simple short-term solution is to add a couple of handfuls of sand or gravel to the bottom of the planting hole.

Other herbs, which require a more fertile soil, may benefit from the addition of medium soil improver. Remove any weeds, especially perennial weeds such as quack grass.


Remove flowering stems from shrubby herbs such as lavender, oregano and sage after flowering. Prune these herbs in the spring to control the size of the plant and to prevent them from becoming bare and woody at the base.

Always remove flowers if you want to harvest the maximum quality and quantity of leaves. Pinch off growing tips to encourage bushy growth, and cut out any plain shoots on variegating herbs. Established clumps of perennials are best divided every 2 – 3 yrs in the spring or autumn.


Many herbs are easy to raise in the garden. Annuals such as basil and parsley are grown from seed. Some perennials such as chives and fennel are also raised from seed and may self sow. Some cultivated varieties do not always grow from seed or produce seed. In this case vegetative propagation is the only option- by cuttings, layering, or division, depending the species.

Invasive Herbs

Vigorous herbs will quickly take over a garden if left to its own devices. These species are excellent for growing in wild areas, where equally vigorous neighbors will control them. In other situations these types of herbs need to be restricted. Bury a large pot or bucket with the bottom removed or cut with extra drainage holes, and plant herbs inside the container. Cut back any vigorous growth and rotted creeping stems, and divide them every 2-3 years. Some invasive herbs are prolific, self-seeders. Remove flowerheads before seeds form, or hoe off the seedlings in spring.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

7 Ways to Control Weeds Without Chemicals

Weeds are frustrating to have and are sometimes even more frustrating to prevent. And though chemicals could sometimes seem like a great option in killing those pests once and for all, it may not be the most environmentally or safest option. Also, chemicals can be far more expensive than other safer methods (and some chemicals aren’t even as effective as non-chemical solutions). Therefore, the following are a few easy and effective methods in controlling and killing weeds.

1. Maintain your Soil

A healthy garden is a well protected garden, and this is especially true when it comes to deterring weeds from invading your backyard. A major factor in a healthy garden is obviously the soil quality, whether or not there are enough nutrients in them, whether or not the soil is able to retain enough water for plant use but not so much that the soil becomes overly moist. Though weeds can grow in practically any soil condition, regardless if the soil is filled with nutrients or not, ensuring that your soil is well maintained can ensure that the plants you do want surviving are able to grow and hopefully push out or even prevent weeds from growing in the first place. However, do keep in mind that over fertilizing your soil can be a huge invitation for weeds to come in, so use fertilizer sparingly and only when needed to help your pre-existing plants grow strong.

2. Use Mulch and Fabric

Like any other plant, weeds require sunlight to thrive, but if you’re able to make this precious resource less accessible, weeds will ultimately start dying off. If you do see a patch of soil that has an abundance of weeds, putting down some mulch can effectively prevent sunlight from reaching them. However, before buying mulch, ensure that there are no weed seeds present, as this can just lead to a re-emergence of weeds pretty quickly.

Cover Fabrics, much like mulch, is placed over weeds to smother them and prevent sunlight from penetrating down. Depending on the material used, the soil also can still have access to water and air to keep it healthy.

3. Limit Available Space

Weeds love to grow anywhere that has appropriate space. Therefore, growing thick lawns and numerous plants can help crowd out weeds from growing. Using appropriate amounts of fertilizer can also help in maintaining thick, lush lawns.

4. Use Flames or High Temperatures

Flame guns are extremely effective in scorching weeds that may be growing into between pavement or slabs or bricks. Though it does use propane gas, scorching can quickly destroy the weed and any seeds that may be found on ground level.

Also, if you intend on using destroyed weeds for compost, it is important to make sure that there are no live seeds mixed in with the weeds. To safely use dead weeds as compost, heating them up in a crock-pot or other heatable container can safely destroy any live seeds, allowing you to use the weeds for compost or even fertilizer.

5. Use Plastic Sheeting

Much like mulch and fabric, plastic sheeting can effectively prevent sunlight from reaching the weeds, as well as preventing water from seeping down to the root structures. However, one disadvantage of using plastic sheeting is that a few chemicals may end up seeping out of the plastic and into the soil, so only use this if absolutely needed. But if you’re trying to be truly chemical free, avoiding plastic sheeting may be best.

6. Hoeing and Tilling

Smaller weeds that are truly relegated to the top layers of soil can be easily dislodged and taken care of with gentle strokes. However, attempting to hoe into the deeper levels of soil may only cause more problems than you originally intended. Seeds that are dormant normally reside in the deeper levels of soil, and hoeing these parts may only bring them up to the surface, causing more weeds to grow.
Much like hoeing, tilling is also able to manage small weed populations but should be done so with extreme care. In an attempt to push seeds further into the soil, tilling may cycle dormant seeds up to the surface, making your efforts a frustrating time waster. Regardless if you attempt to hoe or till your soil, do so carefully so as to not bring out dormant seeds.

7. Vinegar

Vinegar is great in drying out weeds if applied over the course of two weeks. Mixing a bit with dish soap and using a spray bottle to apply the mixture onto weeds is extremely effective, regardless of how hot it is outside. However, make sure to not accidentally spray the solution onto plants that you want, as it can potentially kill any plant that it comes in contact with.

Killing Specific Weeds

If you want to kill weeds, you have to do a bit of research to figure out what conditions are favorable for weed growth. For example, a common and extremely frustrating weed to have in one’s garden is the Creeping Charlie. Unlike most weeds, the creeping charlie preferentially grows in areas of shade and extremely moist soils. Therefore, to prevent such a weed, getting rid of shady areas is a must and having a good way to re-direct excess rainwater away from your garden is also a good idea.

Final Thoughts

Getting rid of weeds can certainly be a headache, so much so that it may often seem like a good idea to just use a few chemicals to get rid of the problem. However, these chemicals could permanently damage your soil. Luckily, there are many natural, non-chemical methods in safely and quickly removing weeds. Also, if you have a specific weed problem, do a bit of research to understand what conditions the weeds prefer to grow in. Having some knowledge before tackling weeds will definitely save a lot of time and energy in the long run.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Melon with Lemon Recipe

Preparation Time: 20 minutes plus freezing time
Cooking Time: 5 minutes
Serves: 8

Ingredients for the Sorbet

Melon with Lemon

  • 2 teaspoons finely
  • grated lemon zest
  • 450ml water
  • 100g caster sugar
  • 1 1/2 level teaspoons gelatin
  • 2 tablespoons lemon juice
  • 4 kiwifruit
  • 2 egg whites

To Serve

  • 4 small melons or a large melon choose ogen, honeydew or Gallia melons
  • 2 or 3 kiwifruit, peeled and sliced
  • 2 or 3 tangerines, cut into segments halved grapes.
  1. Put the lemon zest with the water and sugar into a saucepan and allow to simmer for 5 minutes, sprinkle the gelatin on to the hot liquid and allow to dissolve.
  2. Cool the liquid, then add the lemon juice and strain.
  3. Cut the peel from the kiwifruit, either rub the pulp through a nylon sieve or liquidise this and mix with the lemon liquid.
  4. Pour into a container and freeze until the mixture is slightly mushy.
  5. Whisk the egg whites until stiff, then fold into the lightly frozen mixture.
  6. Return to the freezer and freeze until firm; always bring out about .15 minutes before serving.
  7. Halve the melons or large melon, scoop out and discard all the seeds; keep the small melon halves or just half the large melon.
  8. Cut the melon flesh into balls with a vegetable scoop or into neat dice.
  9. Put a scoop of sorbet into each individual melon half then arrange the melon balls, slices of peeled kiwifruit and tangerine segments and halved grapes on top of the sorbet.

To Make a Change

Use mango pulp instead of kiwifruit.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Why Do Some People Feel Better When They Go Off Raw Foods?

After listening to numerous speakers for a new web site called “Raw Mom Cooked Dad, how to make peace on the plate”. A cute idea of how to create family meals  from very different eating styles. A couple of raw foodist admitted to going back to eating meat and found their health improving and some of the buzz among the raw food community starting to stir up the “cooking” pot of what is going on. For someone new to raw food this could be quite alarming as the first year or so on a raw food diet most everyone is losing weight and feeling fantastic.  We  are removing toxins and adding  nutrients as we eat healthier.  One of the speakers went raw very young and stayed raw vegan for many years decided to focus her career on raw desserts and wrote cook books and created her whole public identity around eating raw food. She was eating at least one or more desserts a day and  let herself get extremely ill before ever considering changing her diet to eating meat even though her dad was a hunter of wild game and she lived in a cold climate. Under strict advise of a nutritionist she was to eat a small amount of  high quality meat at every meal. She ate it raw or slightly cooked and mixed it in with her salads to “hide” the taste as she was not found of the idea. But sure enough she began to show improvements within days and continued to improve in overall health each day eating animal protein. Interesting enough, this happened similarly to a few more people that spoke about it  in the raw food community. When I did some checking for what kind of raw food diet they said they were eating, there were some similarities that involved stimulants particularly cacao and sweeteners, they did not discuss the supplements they were taking on a daily basis.  Most astonishing to me was that none of them got  their blood tested to see what was missing and just relied on the “diet of raw food” to nourish them. Just because you eat raw food dose not mean you are getting the variety of vegetables, minerals, omega 3′s and B12 along with high  vitamin D levels to utilize and provide deep nutrition to all of your cells. We are creatures of habit and settle into consuming the same 10-12 foods consistently.

Write down what you eat on a daily basis and see how much variety you have after a month

Your diet should be focused on what to eat for nutrition NOT just what to avoid eating.

RawI remember spending over two hours on the phone trying to convince a dedicated vegan raw food person to try some of her husband’s salmon that he brought back from Alaska for her. She was appalled and embarrassed at how much weight she was losing on a juice feast. Her marriage was on the line and she needed to be flexible and loosen up to stop creating so much stress!  The body needs nourishment to thrive, Nourish then Cleanse, EAT DENSE FOOD WHEN YOUR BODY NEEDS IT. There are lots of dense foods that are not animal protein such as coconuts, avocado, beans and legumes, nuts and seeds but  you need to eat them on a consistent basis before getting too sick. Meat may provide needed nourishment for an undernourished body for a  while. I like to think of eating meat as “the animal was smart enough to listen to his body and eat what it needed so I’ll just eat the animal,  so I don’t have to think for myself” but long term, animal protein may put your body into an acidic state that causes inflammation as well as kidney stones with excess uric acid and a host of other ailments. Use food as your medicine and pick the highest quality, eat as local as possible, always organic with the most life force energy.  Being in balance means constant motion, knowing what  nutrients are missing or in excess before any symptoms arises just is common sense!

BECOME A FULL TIME NUTRITARIAN (one who eats nutrients)

YIKES! the reason a raw food eater feels better  switching diets is the  the same reason a person that eats lots of animal proteins feels better when they go on a raw food diet.


The only person to listen to about what to eat is ALWAYS going to be your own body!! But listen deeply and with knowledge of what is happening on the inside.

Here is my  health quiz for my own body

  1. Are you feeling energetic and upbeat, ready to dance and laugh at a moments notice?
  2. Is your digestion operating top notch with daily fermented foods and are you having 2 or more non smelly bowel movements a day?
  3. Does your blood results show great assimilations into your cells and tissues, all areas in optimum range, without any signs of inflammation?
  4. Is your vitamin D levels in the 70′s and above (hint: must be supplemented)? Are you eating a variety of local organic and WILD greens?

All these areas are places that I keep track of and look to maximizing nutrients and minerals to correct them.

Usually  I am off balance when I am eating for comfort, stress, sweet taste or give in to a craving that is actually an allergic food (for me it is gluten) also when I eat to “fit in socially” or when I am traveling and my options are slim.

A note about stress…. There is a reason you don’t crave green juice when you are stressed out, you are in an acidic state and the body wants to maintain homeostasis so will desire acidic foods like sweets, caffeine, refined flour, to keep you in that state.  When you can calm your thoughts and breath deeply your body will want to get more alkaline foods such as vegetables. Try this with litmus paper several times a day and you will see that simply thinking stressful thoughts even when you are eating alkaline foods will cause your system to turn acidic. So don’t stress about your diet!!!

When I am off balance  I add  more fresh green juice, sea vegetables, algae and keep up on my omega 3′s and vitamin D with lots of exercise, positive thoughts and I am  right back on track.

The cool weather and holidays are coming upon us and it is great to have information of what areas of nutrition need attention now, so you can kick your immune  system  into full throttle for winter.

You can get your blood tested by going to or

I have used both and they give you results letting you know what is out of range and you can share the results with your doctor for more advise.

Stay Healthy Stay Happy!

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Cream of Asparagus Soup with Saffron Croutons

A few weeks ago, my beloved Green City Market opened for the season. Granted, the market didn’t feature the bounty of summer, but it did still have a great selection of farm fresh items. One of my favorite spring time vegetables is asparagus and I was happy to see that many of the vendors were selling a number of varieties – thin and thick, purple and green. I opted to buy the thick cut (more flavor in my opinion) green variety.

These babies were so beautiful! While I contemplated just steaming them up and serving them alongside a piece of fish, I decided to get a bit more creative and turn them into the base of a cream of asparagus soup.

Cream of Asparagus

This proved to be an excellent decision. The soup had the perfect amount of creaminess, slight tang from fresh lemon juice, and a wonderful crunch thanks to homemade saffron flavored croutons.

This recipe was actually a slightly adapted version of an asparagus soup recipe of my mom’s that I have made many times. Hers is a “healthified” version of cream of asparagus soup which replaces the cream for potatoes to thicken the soup and add the right texture. And while I love that soup, I wanted an option that was a little bit more refined and truly allowed the asparagus to shine.

Speaking of asparagus – did you notice that the asparagus were sitting in water glasses in the above picture?

This is how I store asparagus! I find that, like fresh flowers, asparagus responds really well to being stored in water. They stay tender and maintain their vibrant color for at 3-5 days in the fridge (but of course, the earlier you use the asparagus, the fresher it will taste!).

Anyway, back to the soup. This would be the perfect starter to a fancy dinner party, but works equally well alongside a big salad on a busy weeknight because the whole thing comes together in 30 minutes.

However you enjoy it, just make sure you give it a try when the asparagus is at its freshest – a.k.a RIGHT NOW!

Cream of Asparagus Soup with Saffron Croutons – Serves 4-6 as an appetizer


2 lbs asparagus
1/2 stick butter
3 large shallots, chopped (about 1/2 cup)
2 cups heavy cream
2 cups water
S+P to taste
Fresh lemon juice (approximately the juice of one lemon is what I used)
3-4 slices of any variety of bread (I chose a multigrain variety), crusts removed and cut into small cubes
1/3 tsp saffron threads


In order to remove the tough bottoms of the asparagus, I simply take the asparagus and bend lightly. Wherever the asparagus bends is the place where the tough meets the tender. Discard the tough pieces (keep if you make your own veggie stock!).

In a large stock pot, add the butter and melt over medium low heat. Once melted, add the chopped shallots and cook until they are soft, but not browned, about five minutes.

Add the cream, water, salt (start with 2 tsp) and pepper to the pot. Increase the heat to high and bring liquid to a boil. Add the asparagus, lower to a simmer, and cook until the asparagus is tender, but still has a bright green color, about five minutes.

Now it is time to puree the soup. Working in batches, add the contents of the pot into a blender and puree until smooth.

Cream of Asparagus

I found that the texture of the soup was perfect for me. Slightly thick, but very smooth. If you prefer a finer texture, you can push the contents of the soup through a fine mesh sieve.

Add the soup back to the pot and keep warm until you are ready to serve. Taste and adjust for seasonings as necessary. Right before serving, add enough lemon juice to taste. You certainly don’t want the overwhelming flavor of lemon to come through on the soup, but you want enough to know that it is there. I think 1/2 to a full lemon’s worth of juice is perfect, but let your palate guide you!

While the soup is staying warm, you can make the croutons, which is very easy! In a large sauté pan, add the EVOO and heat over medium-low heat. Add the saffron shreds and cook in the olive oil for 1 minute to infuse the oil. Add the bread and toss to coat in the saffron oil. Spring with salt and pepper and cook until the croutons are golden and toasted.

Serve the soup topped with croutons and one more spray of lemon juice!

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

How to build greenhouse or hoop house

When deciding whether to purchase a greenhouse or a hoop house two factors need to be considered, budget and the size of the structure you want to build. The biggest difference is cost. If space is limited and only a small structure is possible, than a green house is the better choice. They are more pleasing to look at and require less maintenance, and give the best light transmission. With larger structures over 200 sqft. (20 sq meters) a hoop house is the best choice for cost-effective food production.

Glass is transparent and admits more light than plastic, warms the house more quickly and retains heat longer. Plants, particularly those with high light requirements such as tomatoes, grow better under glass than plastic. Glass lasts indefinitely, while plastic becomes brittle and breaks down with age.

What Size Greenhouse – A popular size is 6ft. (1.8 meter) wide by 8ft(2.4 meter) long. A path 2 ft (60cm) wide down the middle allows 2 ft. (60cm) on each side for plants.. A better size is 8ft(2.4meter) wide by 6ft(1.8 meter) long. This arrangement allows for 3 ft(90 cm) on either side of a shorter path, giving additional plant space.

Where space is limited, a lean-to greenhouse maybe an option. The problem of lack of light on one side can be generally alleviated by painting the wall of the inside of the greenhouse white. A sunny wall is best for a general purpose greenhouse. A lean-to greenhouse on a wall that does not get direct sunlight is good for cuttings, ferns or plants whose natural habitat is the forest floor.

Materials for Greenhouse Frames – The most commonly used materials are wood and aluminum. Aluminum is light and strong and is low maintenance. Aluminum greenhouses vary considerably in quality. In poorer quality greenhouses the glazing bars consist of T-sections. The better quality aluminum greenhouses consist of H-sections.

If you are considering a wooden greenhouse the best choice is cedar. Cedar is very durable and does not require toxic wood preservatives. It is a good choice if you can be sure it comes from sustainable, managed source. Wood is a better insulator than aluminum, but the thicker glazing bars required block more light.

Greenhouse Glazing- Glass is the most common glazing material, tempered for safety, if necessary. An alternative is polycarbonate plastic- a twin walled, lightweight, tough material that provides good insulation. The biggest negative of this material is it is not see-through, and only allows 85% light transmission as opposed to 97% for glass.

Adequate vents– for good air circulation and temperature control are vital. An automatic vent opening system is a worth while investment. Unexpected sun, even in spring can cause a rapid temperature rise if vents are closed, and plants can suffer. With the spiraling costs of produce a greenhouse is a great way to grow produce or fruit year around.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Ways to Make Your Kitchen Green and Eco-Friendly

The kitchen can easily be a person’s favorite place to be; it’s where the magic happens. Delicious foods are created and creativity can go wild. However, with this power come many unwanted consequences that can affect both the environment and your family’s health. Therefore, converting your kitchen into one that is more earth-friendly can help save money, protect the environment, and create foods that are much healthier for the entire family. Taking minor steps early can make this a very easy and doable feat that you can certainly be proud of.

Use Non-Toxic Cookware

Many consumers are afraid of added chemicals in their food and so opt for organic produce. However, this is useless if the cookware you use has chemicals that can potentially leach into the foods you are cooking. That is why it is a good idea to do some research and look for non-toxic, safe cookware. Some cooking ware that is not so safe include those made of aluminum or non-stick materials such as Teflon. To avoid toxic chemical in your cookware, buy those that are made from materials such as stainless steel, cast iron, and ceramic as these are less likely to flake into your food or leach chemicals due to high heat or acidity.

Energy Efficient Appliances

Many old appliances such as microwaves, blenders, and fridges can be both inefficient and waste a lot of electricity in the process. If you notice your appliances are outdated, it may be time to have them replaced with newer, more energy-saving models. Newer models are also being made to be more compact, saving valuable space in the kitchen as well.

Do Away With Toxic Cleaning Agents

Let’s be honest: accidents can and will happen. If you spill something on your countertop or drop food on the floor, try to avoid the regular cleaning agents and instead use what you may already have in your kitchen. Lemon juice and baking soda are great, nontoxic agents that can be used to clean up kitchen stains or countertops (and are also highly inexpensive). When buying cleaning products, always stay away from products that have labels such as: DANGER, TOXIC, or HARMFUL; the FDA requires companies have these labels if ingredients in their products have been tested to cause chronic illnesses.

Keep Waste to a Minimum

If spills do happen, try to do away with paper towels and instead use dish towels. These are reusable, meaning less trips to the store to buy replacement paper towels. Also, avoid styrofoam plates or cups and instead use washable, reusable plates. Though you need to wash these plates and utensils, you will be saving more money in the long run.

Wasting food can also be an inconvenience for many homeowners. That’s why it’s best to make a list of items you need before going to the store and buying only the things you have written down. This can help keep you accountable and prevent the urge to look around the aisles to buy excess food you may not even need.

If you do have left over foods, keeping them contained in glass food containers rather than tin foil or plastic wrap can help reduce waste.

If you do in fact have excess, unusable food, it may be  a good idea to buy a composter; this can turn unused, unwanted  food into fertilizer for any plants you may have.

Grow Your Own Produce

This goes well with having a composter. If you have any space in your backyard, it is worthwhile to grow certain vegetables or fruit that you use often such as squash or tomatoes; this way you can insure your ingredients are fresh. Having a composter can also help turn spoiled produce into fertilizer that can be put straight back into your garden.

Use a Water Filter

Rather than going out and buying packs of water bottles, buying a moderately priced water filter can help save both money and waste that is produced in your kitchen. A good water filter placed on your tap can help eliminate excess minerals or metals and give you tap water a clean, refreshing taste.

Get Foot Pedals for your Sink

Installing sensitive foot pedals to your sink can help save water by allowing you to control the amount of water that flows through the faucet. Since these are hands free, it also helps prevent the spread of germs.

Along with this, make sure that your sink is properly draining water; avoid dumping grease or other food particles down the drain as it can lead to clogs that can impede efficiency. Always ensure that your kitchen pipes are leak free to conserve water.

Final Thoughts

Making your kitchen green can be easily done– and inexpensive at the same time. Buying a composter can help ensure that you keep waste generated from your kitchen at a minimum; also, invest in reusable cleaning products such as dish towels to reduce any unwanted waste.  Ultimately, there are a multitude  of ways of  creating food that is healthy and chemical free, save money on your utility bills, and reduce your carbon footprint substantially.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Thomas Berry Short Biography

Thomas Berry (1914 – 2009), Passionist priest and internationally recognized historian of cultures, focused his writings and lectures on the relation of humans with the cosmos and Earth. His works have notably influenced the intellectual/ spiritual history of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Born in Greensboro, North Carolina and originally named for his father, William Nathan Berry, founder of Berico Fuels Company (1924), this second of eight sons in a family of thirteen children, following 1933 entry into the Passionist Religious Order, adopted the name Thomas after philosopher-theologian Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). A Catholic University of America doctorate concluded with publication of his research on the historical theory of philosopher-historian Giambattista Vico 1668-1744 (Catholic University of America Press, 1951).

Believing the wisdom of Asia indispensable for adequate learning, Thomas went to China in 1948 to study and teach at Beijing’s Fu Jen University but returned to America in 1949 when Mao Tse-tung took over China. Subsequent studies in Chinese language and culture at Seton Hall University and Sanskrit and South Asian culture at Columbia University were interrupted by service as United States Army chaplain in Germany 1951-54. Afterwards Thomas undertook a teaching career, first with the Asian Institute of Seton Hall University 1956-61;then with the Asian Institute of St. John’s University 1961-65; finally, at Fordham University 1966-79, where he instituted the doctoral program in the history of religions.

In 1970 Thomas inaugurated the Riverdale Center for Religious Research (1970-95) in Riverdale, NY. From this base and with his presidency of the American Teilhard Society (1975-1987), Thomas’s international influence as thinker, writer, and lecturer expanded rapidly. Annual conferences explored themes such as ‘Energy: Its Cosmic-Human Dimensions’; ‘The Future: Technological Society Man’s Covenant?’; ‘New York as Sacred City’; and ‘The Ecological Age’. From across the globe scholars and others came to the Center for rethinking their disciplines in the light of newly understood relations of humans to Earth. In 1998 as part of Harvard’s international Forum on Religion and Ecology (FORE), the Thomas Berry Foundation was established by Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim, currently of Yale University.

Besides the eleven-volume Riverdale Papers and treatises on Buddhism (1966) and The Religions of India (1971), the most influential of Berry’s books are The Dream of the Earth (1988, National Lannan Non-Fiction Award 1992); The Universe Story: From the Primordial Flaring Forth to the Ecozoic Era (1992), with mathematical-cosmologist Brian Swimme; The Great Work: Our Way Into the Future (1999); and Evening Thoughts: Reflecting on Earth as Sacred Community, Sierra Club Books, University of California Press, 2006. Thomas Berry papers are housed in the Harvard University Environmental Science and Public Policy Archives.

Besides eight honorary doctorates, Thomas’s awards include the United States Catholic Mission Association Award (1989); the 1992 James Herriot Award of the Humane Society of the United States; Honorary Canonship of the Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine (1992); the 1993 Bishop Carroll T. Dozier Medal for Peace and Justice; the Catholic University of America 1993 Alumni Research and Scholarship Award; the 1992 Prescott College Environmental Award; annual Thomas Berry Lecture Awards established by the College of Mt. St. Vincent on the Hudson and, in Washington, DC, by the Center for Respect of Life and Environment and the Humane Society of the United States; a Thomas Berry Hall and Thomas Berry Seminars at Whidbey Institute, Whidbey Island, WA.; and the Thomas Berry Student Writing Award at Warren Wilson College, Asheville, NC (2005).

During World War II Thomas’s mother, Greensboro’s Elizabeth Vize Berry (1890-1980), was named by the national Golden Rule Foundation the ‘American Mother of 1942’. All eight sons of this family of 13 children served in the military 1940 – 1958. Having returned to his native Greensboro in 1995, Thomas continued to write at the Hermitage cabin on a family member’s land, eventually moving to Well-Spring Retirement Community. Here he continued to work on developing essays for publication until his death on June 1, 2009. August 2009 will see publication of two more books: The Sacred Universe (Columbia University Press) and a further volume – The Christian Future and the Fate of Earth (Orbis Books).

(Written by Dr Margaret Berry, sister and Aide for Thomas Berry)

Honorary Degrees

2008 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. Elon University, Elon, North Carolina
2003 Honorary Doctorate of Theology. The Catholic Theological Union at Chicago, Illinois
1998 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. The College of Mt. St. Vincent, Riverdale, New York
1997 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. St. Mary’s University. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
1997 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California
1994 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. St.Thomas University of Miami, Florida
1994 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. Loyola University of New Orleans, Louisiana
1993 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters. California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco, California

Other Honors and Awards

2007 Conference Earth is Community held in London, UK to honor Thomas Berry, organized by the Gaia Foundation and Greenspirit, Sept 15, 2007
2005 Thomas Berry Student-Writing Award established by the Environmental Leadership Center,Warren Wilson College, Asheville, North Carolina. To foster dialogue and quality writing on environmental themes
2003 Frederick II Peace Prize, Pax Romana Earth Charter Project. Castel del Monte, Adria, Italy. March 15, 2003
2002 Conference The Cosmological Imagination held in Berkeley, CA, to honor Thomas Berry organized by the Philosophy, Cosmology and Consciousness Dept of California Institute of Integral Studies. Nov 2- 4, 2002
2002 Juliet Hollister Award The Temple of Understanding. University Club, NYC. April 16, 2002
2000 Thomas Berry Professorship proposed for the Loyola Institute for Ministry of Loyola University, New Orleans
2000 Named to the Council of Honored Elders of the group ‘Earth Elders’, Santa Rosa, CA
1999 The Thomas Berry Hall Building at the Whidbey Institute of Chinook on Whidbey Island north of Seattle.Dedication July 23, 1999
1999 The Thomas Berry Lecture established by the Fine Arts Department of the University of British Columbia, 1999.
1999 David C. Korten’s book The Post-Corporate World: Life After Capitalism (Narvel-Koehler Publishers, 1999) is dedicated to Thomas Berry
1999 Inclusion in World Authors 1990 – 1995 of H.W. Wilson Co.
1998 First Annual Jerry Mische Global Service Award. Global Education Associates, on their 25th Anniversary Celebration. April 30, 1998
1998 The Thomas Berry Foundation established in Washington, DC
1998 First Annual Thomas-Berry Environmental Award and Lectureship sponsored by the Center for Reflection on the Second Law (CRSL) and the Humane Society of the United States, presented by Dr Mary Evelyn Tucker
1997 The New York Open Center Award: A Visionary Voice in the Merging of Ecology and Spirituality. October 30, 1997
1997 College of Mount St. Vincent on the Hudson first annual Thomas-Berry Environmental Award made to Robert F. Kennedy Jr. for Achievement in Restoring Ecological Health to the Hudson-Valley Region of New York State
1996 Inclusion in the New Catholic Encyclopedia XIX (Supplement 1989-1996).
1995 The Lannan Foundation Literary Award for Non-Fiction for The Dream of the Earth. $50,000 prize
1995 Made an honorary charter member of The Club of Budapest, June 1995
1995 First Green Dove Award of Common Boundary, November 10, 1995
1993 The Catholic University of America Alumni Award for Achievement in Research and Scholarship. October 23, 1993
1993 The Bishop Carroll T. Dozier Medal for Peace and Justice. The Christian Brothers University of Memphis, Tennessee
1992 Named Honorary Canon of the Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York
1992 The James Herriott Award, The Humane Society of the United States
1992 The Prescott College Environmental Award, Prescott, Arizona
1992 Scholar-in-Residence for the Humane Society of the United States on a continuing appointment until today
1989 The United States Catholic Mission Association Annual Award

Thomas Berry’s Books and Contributions to Books

(Chronologically Listed From Earliest to Latest)


1. The Historical Theory of Giambattista Vico. Washington, DC: Catholic University Press, 1951.
2. Buddhism. New York: Hawthorne Books, 1966. Paperback edition by Crowell Publishers, 1975. Since 1996 available from Columbia University Press.
3. The Religions of India. New York: Bruce-Macmillan, 1971. (Second Edition) Chambersburg, PA: Anima Publications, 1992. Since 1996 available from Columbia University Press.
4. Studies in the Thought and History of China: Four Essays. (1962-1974) Unpublished.
5. The Dream of the Earth. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1988.
6. Befriending the Earth. Mystic, CT: Twenty-third Publications, 1991.
7. The Universe Story (with Brian Swimme). San Francisco, CA: Harper, 1992.
8. The Great Work: Our Way Into the Future. Crown Bell Publishers (Random House), 1999.
9. Evening Thoughts: Reflecting on Earth as Sacred Community. Sierra Club Books. University of California Press, 2006.
10. The Sacred Universe: Earth, Spirituality, and Religion in the Twenty-First Century. Edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker, Columbia University Press, 2009
11. The Christian Future and the Fate of the Earth. Edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim, Orbis Books, 2009

Pamphlets and Book Digests

1. Five Oriental Philosophies. Overview Studies. Magi Books, Incorporated, 1968
2. Contemporary Spirituality: Its Global Context, Its Historical Dimensions, Its Future Vision, as Seen From Western Perspective. Cross 3. Currents 24.2-3 (Summer/Fall 1974): 172-183. Also Riverdale Studies. No. 1, 1978.
4. The New Story. Teilhard Studies, No. 1. Anima Books, Chambersburg, PA, Winter/ Spring 1977.
5. Energy. Teilhard Studies, No. 1, 1980.
6. Management: The Managerial Ethos and the Future of Planet Earth. Teilhard Studies, No. 3, Anima Books, 1980.
7. Bioregions: The Context for Reinhabiting the Earth. Teilhard Studies. No.14, 1982.
8. Teilhard in the Ecological Age. Teilhard Studies, No. 7. Anima Books: Chambersburg, PA, Fall 1982.
9. The Lower Hudson River Valley: A Bioregional Story. Brochurefor the Hudson River Bundle, distributed by Planet Drum Foundation. Spring 1985.
10. Technology and the Healing of the Earth. Teilhard Studies, No.14. Anima Books: Chambersburg, PA, Fall 1985.
11. Human-Earth Relations (a bibliography). 1989. Unpublished.
12. The Ecozoic Era. Great Barrington, MA. E.F. Schumacher Society, 1991.
13. La Sabiduria de la Cruz y su relaçion con la Sabiduria del Universo. Tr. Susana Cinto, C.P. In Stauros: Teologica de la Cruz. Año 1991. Primer senestre. No. 25. Pages 5-14.
14. Human Presence on the North American Continent. An Alfred P. Stiernotte Lecture in Philosophy. Quinnipiac College, Hamden, Connecticut. September 28, 1994.
15. Creative Energy (an abridgment of Dream of the Earth). Sierra Club Books. c1995.
16. Every Being Has Rights. E.F. Schumacher Society, 2004.

Introductions, Forewords, Essays, and Chapters in Other Books

1. John Dewey’s Influence in China. John Dewey: His Thought and Influence. Ed. John Blewett. New York: Fordham University Press, 1960. Pages 199-232.
2. The Spiritual Forms of the Oriental Civilizations. Approaches to Oriental Civilizations. Ed. Wm. Theodore de Bary. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964. Pages 5-33.
3. The Problem of Moral Evil and Guilt in Early Buddhism. Moral Evil Under Challenge. Ed. Johannes B. Metz. Herder and Herder, 1970. Pages 126-133. Also published in Spanish, Italian, Dutch, French, and German.
4. Foundations of Indian Culture. Six Pillars: Introduction to the Major Works of Sri Aurobindo. Ed. Robert A. McDermott. Wilson Books, 1974.
5. Perspectives on Creativity: Openness to a Free Future. Whither Creativity, Freedom, Suffering. Proceedings of the Theology Institute of Villanova University. Villanova Press, 1981. Pages 1-14.
6. Dialogues of Hope, Robert Muller. Preface. 1/14/83.
7. Religion, Life, and Art in Hinayana Buddhism. Santosh N. Desai. 5/16/83. Foreword by Thomas Berry
8. Meditations with Hildegard of Bingen , Gabriele Uhlein. Bear and Co Publishers, 1984. Foreword by Thomas Berry
9. The Human Presence to Animals. Meditation With Animals: A Bestiary of North American Indian Animals, Gerald Hausman, Bear Press, 1986.
10. The Earth: A New Context for Religious Unity. Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Anne Lonergan and Caroline Richard, Mystic Court, CRT: Twenty-third Publications, 1987. Pages 27-40.
11. Economics: Its Effects on the Life Systems of the World. Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Anne Lonergan and Caroline Richard, Mystic Court, CT: Twenty-third Publications, 1987. Pages 5-26.
12. Our Future on Earth: Where Do We Go From Here? Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Anne Lonergan and Caroline Richard, Mystic Court, CT: Twenty-third Publications, 1987, Pages 103-106.
13. Twelve Principles for Understanding the Universe. Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Anne Lonergan and Caroline Richard, Mystic Court, CT: Twenty-third Publications, 1987. Pages 107-108.
14. The Journey Symbol by Marilyn Nichols. Teilhard Studies. 1987. Foreword by Thomas Berry
15. Economics As If the Earth Really Mattered. Susan Meeker-Lowry. Consortium Book Sales, 1988. Foreword by Thomas Berry
16. Liberating Life: Contemporary Approaches to Ecological Theology. Ed. William Birch, William Eakin, and Jay B. McDaniel. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1990. Pages 151-158.
Morningside Cathedral. Edge of the World Poems collected by Greensboro Group. Trans-Verse Press, 1990. Poem
17. Earth, Sky, Gods, and Mortals: Developing an Ecological Spirituality. Jay B. McDaniel and Thomas Berry. Mystic Court, CT: Twenty-Third Publications, 1990. Foreword by Thomas Berry
18. Education in a Multicultural World. Approaches to the Oriental Classics, Ed. Wm. Theodore de Bary. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990. Pages 11-23.
19. To Honor the Earth: Reflections on Living in Harmony With Nature Dorothy Maclean and Kathleen Thormod Carr. Harper San Francisco, 1991. Pages vii-ix. Foreword by Thomas Berry.
20. The Breathing Cathedral: Feeling Our Way Into the Living Cosmos, Martha Heyneman.
Sierra Club Books, 1993. Pages xiii-xviii Foreword by Thomas Berry
21. Moments of Grace. The Breathing Cathedral by Marthe Heyneman. Sierra Club Books,1993.
22. Invested in the Common Good (revised edition) by Susan Meeker-Lowry. Introduction by Thomas Berry to the First Edition, published by the Council for a Parliament of World Religions, 1993. Also the Foreword to the 1996 revised edition published by New Society Publishers, Philadelphia, PA. Also see Meeker-Lowry’s 1988 Economics as If the Earth Really Mattered.
23. To One Who Understands Our Crises. Laurance S. Rockefeller and the Fund for the Advancement of the Human Spirit. September 25, 1993. Pages 11-12.
24. Re-inhabiting the Earth: Biblical Perspectives and Eco-Spiritual Reflections, Mary Lou Van Rossum. Triumph Publishers, 1994. Introduction by Thomas Berry.
25. Ecological Geography. WorldViews and Ecology. Eds. Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim. Lewisburg, PA, Bucknell University Press, 1994. Pages 228-237.
26. Ecology and the Future of Catholicism: A Statement of the Problem. Embracing Earth: Catholic Approaches to Ecology. Eds. Albert L. LaChance and John E. Carroll. New York, Orbis Press, 1994.
27. Issues at the Edge: The Thought of Thomas Berry. Paul Collins of the Australian Broadcasting Company, 1994. An unpublished MS based on a series of interviews.
28. The Bush. Sculpting with the Environment, Baile Oakes. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995.
29. The Cosmology of Religions. A Source Book for Earth’s Community of Religions. Ed. Joel D. Beversluis. Grand Rapids, MI: CoNexus Press, 1995. Pages 93-98. Also in Pluralism and Oppression ed. Paul Knitter. Volume 34. Published by the College Theology Society.
30. The Dream Drives the Action: Education for Global-Planetary Transformation (with Edmund V.O’Sullivan). Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Unpublished copyrighted MS. 1992-1995.
31. The Viable Human. Deep Ecology for the Twenty-first Century. Ed. George Sessions. Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1995. Pages 8-18.
32. The Ecological Vision. The Forsaken Garden: Soul Loss and Recovery and the Healing of the Planet. Interviews by Nancy Ryley. Denley Productions, 1995.
33. Endangered Species: Saving the World’s Vanishing Ecosystems by Anna Maria Caldera. Mallard Press: New York, NY, 1995. Pages 8-15. Foreword by Thomas Berry
34. Coming of Age in the Ecozoic Era. Perspectives in Bioregional Education, Eds. Traina, F. & Darley-Hill, S. Troy, OH: North American Association for Environmental Education. 1995
35. The Sacred Community, Its Modes of Expression Education for Global-Planetary Transformation (with Edmund V. O’Sullivan). Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Summer 1995.
36. Endangered Environments by Bob Burton. Gareth Stevens Publishers, 1996. Foreword by Thomas Berry
37. Landscapes of the Interior: Re-Explorations of Nature and the Human Spirit. By Don Gayten. New Society Publishers, 1996. Evaluation by Thomas Berry. January 1996.
38. Cathedrals of the Spirit: The Message of Sacred Places. Ed. T.C. McLuhan. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1996. Pages 220-221.
39. The Ecozoic Era. In the series Guideposts to a Sustainable Future: The E.F. Schumacher Lectures, 1996. Also in The Other Half of the Soul: Bede Griffin and the Hindu-Christian Dialogue. Compiled by Beatrice Bruteau. Quest Books, 1996.
40. A Call for Renewing Nature, Spirit, and Politics. The Lost Gospel of the Earth by Tom Hayden. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1996. Pages lx-xv. Introduction by Thomas Berry
41. Original Blessing , Matthew Fox. San Francisco, CA: Harper San Francisco, 1996. Comments by Thomas Berry.
42. The Role of Religions in the 21st Century. The Community of Religions: Voices and Images From the Parliament of the World’s Religions. Pages 182-188. Eds. Wayne Teasdale and George Cairns. Continuum Publishing Company, 1996.
43. The Ecozoic Era. People, Land, and Community. Eds. Hildegarde Hannum et al. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997. Pages 191-203. Also in the series Guideposts to a Sustainable Future: The E.F. Schumacher Lectures, 1996. Also in The Other Half of the Soul: Bede Griffin and the Hindu-Christian Dialogue. Compiled by Beatrice Bruteau. Quest Books, 1996.
44. From Violence to Wholeness: Facilitators, Guides, and Participants. Manuals by Patricia Bruno, OP. August 21, 1997.
45. The Universe Story: Its Religious Significance. The Greening of Faith: God, Environment, and the Good Life Eds. John E.Carroll, Paul Brockelman, Mary Westfall, The University Press of New England: Hanover and London, 1997. Pages 208-218.
46. The Universe, the University, and the Ecozoic Age. Doors of Understanding: Conversations in Global Spirituality in Honor of Ewert Cousins. Ed. Stephen Chase. Quincy, Illinois: Franciscan Press, 1997. Reprinted with a new foreword in 1998. Pages 79-96
47. Beacons of Hope: A Compilation of Prayers for 1998. Eds. Robert Eimers OMI, and Sr. Sarah O’Malley OSB.Pp.77-80.
48. Growing Up Green: Educating for Ecological Renewal, David Hutchinson. Teachers College Press 1998.Pages xiii-xiv. Foreword by Thomas Berry
49. The Forsaken Garden: Eco-psychology Restoring Earth, Healing the Self. Four Conversations on the Deep Meaning of Environmental Illness by Nancy Ryley. Laurens van der Post, Marion Woodman, Brian Swimme, and Thomas Berry. Wheaton, IL: Quest Books of the Theosophical Publishing House,1998. Foreword by Thomas Berry
50. The Tender Carnivore and the Sacred Game by Paul Shepard and George Sessions. Athens, Georgia: University of GeorgiaPress, 1998. Introduction by Thomas Berry.
51. The Voice of the Infinite in the Small: Revisioning the Insect-Human Connection. Eds. Joanne-Elizabeth Lauck and Brian Crissey. Mill Spring, NC: Blue Water Publishers, 1998. Pages xix-xxii. Introduction by Thomas Berry
52. What Does It Mean To Be Human? Respect for Life Reaffirmed by Responses From Around the World. Eds. Franck, Frederick et al. Circumstantial Productions, published in cooperation with the UNESCO Institute for Education, 1998. Pages 50-56.
53. Christianity’s Role in the Earth Project. Christianity and Ecology. Eds. Dieter Hessel and Rosemary Radford Ruether, Harvard University Press. 2000
54. The Piracy of America: Profiteering in the Public Domain. Ed. Judith Scherff. Atlanta, GA: Clarity Press, 1999. Pages 1-3. Foreword by Thomas Berry
55. A Theology for the Earth: The Contributions of Thomas Berry and Bernard Lonergan by Anne
Marie Dalton. University of Ottawa Press, 1999. Number 10 of Religions and Beliefs Series.
Pages v-viii. Foreword by Thomas Berry.
56. Transformation Learning: Education Vista for the 21st Century by Edmund O’Sullivan. New York: University of Toronto Press, 1999. Pages xi-xv. Foreword by Thomas Berry.
57. The Hudson River Valley: A Bioregional Story. At Home on the Earth: Becoming Native to Our Place. University of California Press, 1999. Pages 103-110.
58. Christianity in an Emerging Universe. Light Burdens, Heavy Blessings: Challenges of Church and Culture in the Post Vatican II Era. Essays in honor of Margaret R. Brennan, IHM. Eds. Mary Heather MacKinnon SSND, Moni McIntyre and Mary Ellen Sheehan IHM. Quincey, IL Franciscan Press, 2000.
59. Designing the Green Economy for a Post-Industrial Transition. Brian Milani. Eco Materials Project, Toronto, 2000. Prologue by Thomas Berry.
60. Christianity and Ecology. Ed. T. Dieter and Hessel and Rosemary Radford. Harvard University Press, 2000. Religions of the World Series. A Christianity in the Earth Project. Pages 127-134.
61. On the Historical Mission of Our Times. Macroshift: Navigating the Transformation to a Sustainable World. Ervin Laszlo, Official Report of the Club of Budapest. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc. San Francisco, CA, 2001. Pages 152-156.
62. Earth Charter: A Study Book of Reflection for Action. Elisabeth Ferrero and Joe Holland (Pax Romana Catholic Movement for Intellectual and Cultural Affairs). 2002. Preface by Thomas Berry
63. The New Story. Worldviews, Religion, and the Environment. A Global Anthology. Ed. Richard C. Foltz, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2002
64. Our Universal Spirit Journey: Reflections in Verse for Creation’s Sake. John P. Cook. Transcribe Books, June 2002. Foreword by Thomas Berry
65. Affectivity in Classical Confucian Tradition. Confucian Spirituality, Eds. Tu Wei-ming and Mary Evelyn Tucker. In World Spirituality Series: an Encyclopedic History of the Religious Quest. General Ed. Ewert Cousins. Crossroad Publishing Co., NY, 2003. Vol. One, Pages 96-112.
66. Wild Law – A Manifesto for Earth Justice. Cormac Cullinan, Green Books, 2003 Foreword by Thomas Berry
67. Earth Age: A New Vision of God, the Human, and the Earth. Lorna Green. IUniverse, Inc. June 2003. Introduction by Thomas Berry
68. Individualism and Holism in Chinese Tradition: The Religious Cultural Context. Confucian Spirituality, Eds. Tu Wei-ming and Mary Evelyn Tucker. In World Spirituality Series: an Encyclopedic History of the Religious Quest. General Ed. Ewert Cousins. Crossroad Publishing Co., NY, 2003. Volume One, Pages 39-55.
69. Re-Invent Yourself: Commit to a Great Work. Richard J. Lambert. First Books Library, 2003.
Foreword by Thomas Berry
70. Soulcraft: Crossing Into Mysteries of Nature and Psyche. Bill Plotkin. New World Library. September 2003. Foreword by Thomas Berry.
71. The New Story. Teilhard in the 21st Century: The Emerging Spirit of Earth. Eds. Arthur Fabel and Donald St. John. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Press, 2003. Pages 77-88.
72. Motivation for the Great Work: Forty Meaty Meditations for Secular Religious. John Cock. NY: Authors Choice Press, 2003. Foreword by Thomas Berry
73. Teilhard in the Ecological Age. Teilhard in the 21st Century: The Emerging Spirit of Earth. Eds. Arthur Fabel and Donald St. John. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Press, 2003. Pages 57-73.
74. The Story and the Dream: The Next Step in the Evolutionary Epic. The Epic of Evolution: Science and Religion in Dialogue. Ed. James B. 75. Miller, Prentice Hall, 2003, Pages 209-217.
76. Educating for Humanity: Re-thinking the Purpose of Education. Ed. Mike Seymour. Paradigm
Publishers, Boulder, CO. 2004. Pages 145-154.
77. Listening to the Land. Conversations About Nature, Culture, and Eros. Ed. Derrick Jensen. Originally published in paperback by Sierra Club Books, 1995. Chelsea Green Publishing Company. 2004. Pages 35 – 43. Interview.
78. Ethics and Ecology: Our Creative Role in the Human Community. Manual for Earth Elders. Imago, Inc. 2004
79. Evening Thoughts. In Manual for Earth Elders. Imago Inc. 2004
80. An Ecologically Sensitive Spirituality Minding the Spirit: The Study of Christian Spirituality by Elizabeth Dreyer and Mark Burrows. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.
81. Exploring a Sense of Place: How to create your own local program for reconnecting with nature. Karen Harwell 2006. Foreword by Thomas Berry
82. Cultural Addiction: The Greenspirit Guide to Recovery. Albert LaChance, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA, 2006. Pages vii-xvi. Foreword by Thomas Berry
83. Sacramental Commons: Christian Ecological Ethics (Nature’s Meaning). John Hart, Rowan and Littlefield Publishers, 2006. Afterword by Thomas Berry
84. Prologue: ‘Loneliness and Presence’. A Communion of Subjects: Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics. Eds. Paul Waldau and Kimberley Patton, Columbia University Press, 2006

If you prefer to read offline, PDF files may be downloaded from the following links

Tribute to Thomas Berry and his work given by Matthew Fox, Nov 2002, transcribed by Caroline Webb from the Conference audio recording done at the Cosmological Imagination Conference in Berkeley

The Mystique of the Earth, Interview by Caroline Webb as published in Caduceus magazine, Spring 2003. Also as text only version here

Article about Thomas Berry, in a publication called Spirit in the Smokies, 1999

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest

Common Chemicals Found in Food Packaging

Today, consumers shouldn’t just be worried about added chemicals in their foods or drinks; rather, even the packaging that foods come in have chemicals that can potentially leak into the things we consume. Anything from plastic or cardboard to styrofoam or paper packaging can have chemicals in them that can be absorbed by the food products. Luckily, the FDA has imposed many state regulations to set safe standards for the type of packaging that can be used, reducing the amount and type of chemicals found in packaging. Regardless, however, it is important to be knowledgeable of what chemicals could be present.


Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical that is added to most linings of cans and plastic containers. This chemical has been shown to promote breast cancer if allowed into the body in substantial quantities. However, the FDA has placed many standards and regulations that have inhibited the amount of this chemical that can be added into any food packaging.  FDA’s National Center for Toxicological Research has also shown that low doses, such as the ones promoted through FDA’s regulations, have negligible effects.


Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is most commonly used in the inner lining of popcorn bags and pizza boxes to prevent oil from seeping through the container. However, high heats can cause some particles to seep into the food. In some studies, higher doses of PFOA has been shown to increase the likelihood of acquiring testicular, thyroid, and kidney cancers. Luckily, the EPA has begun upholding regulations and requiring manufacturers to use as low doses as possible, often requiring companies to find suitable substitutes for the chemical.


Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a chemical found in many plastic water bottles. Under high heat, PET secretes metalloid called antimony, which has been see to cause stomach ulcers. PET itself, according to the FDA, is safe to be used. However, high heats can cause antimony secretions, which may cause chronic health issues if consumed in high enough quantities.

Anything Else?

There are a multitude of chemicals that are used in food packaging to ensure that the foods are kept fresh and to keep out bacteria. However, under certain conditions, these chemicals can leach into the foods and potentially harm our health. Luckily, the FDA has imposed many regulations on chemicals that are usd. Some chemicals have also been banned entirely from use and convinced manufacturers to utilize other harmless materials. Chemicals that are currently being used are also constantly tested to ensure significant leaching into foods does not occur. However, always ensure that packaging does not come in contact with extreme conditions such as heat, as this can lead to chemicals being leaked into our foods.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on TumblrPin on Pinterest